Some Qizilbāsh tribes in Turkey


Qizilbāshes are primarily Turkish from Anatolia and they are living in Turkey. A large proportion of them lived in the Ottoman Empire.

Greater tribal federations (uymāq):

Rūmlū: A large tribal federation around Sivas-Koyulhisar and Şebinkarahisar and Tokat and Amasya areas.
Ustājlū: A nomad tribal federation that primarily are in the areas between Sivas, Amasya and Tokat and Kirsehir.
Takalū: As also the name indicates, this is tribal federation from Teke (Antalya region).
Shāmlū: Shāmlū  stay in southern Sivas in the summer and in the region between Gaziantep in winter. Sham is both the name of the city of Damascus, but also a term generally used to refer to the then Syria.
Zu’l-Qadar: Zu’l-Qadar or Dhu’l-Qadar as it also known, is a large tribal federation living in areas around the Mara and Boz Ok (Yozgat) and Kahramanmaras province.
Qajar: This federation held in Genje area in Errân, but came originally from the Boz-Ok (Yozgat) in the 15th century.
Afshar: This nomad federation held in Adana and Central Anatolia.
Turkmān: This name was a designation for tribes Mosillu and Purnak.  These tribes living in Diyarbakır.

Bayindir: A tribal federation that primarily are in the areas between  Izmir, Balikesir and Manisa provinces.

Smaller tribal federations (uymāq):
Chepni: Chepni tribe held primarily in northern Anatolia, in and around Trabzon, Bayburt, Gümüşhane, Giresun and Jānīq (Ordu and Samsun).
Bozjalū: This tribe is part of the larger Shāmlū-association.
Kinislū: This tribe is from Hınıs, which is the area which today is around the southwestern Erzurum.
Bāyburtlū: The name of this tribe federal indicates an origin from the Bayburt region of eastern Anatolia.
Chemishkezeklū: This federation is from Çemişgezek, which is the name of the current Tunceli.
Arābgirlū: As the name also indicates that this strain is from Malatya region.
Qarāmānlū: This tribal federation has since the 15th century lived in Genje and Berda it should be a subgroup of Afshar tribe the founder of Ata Turk.
Bayat: Most Bayat-linked living in around Ankara and  Kirikkale province.

Varsāq: This tribal federation is living around Mersin province in Tarsus area.
Turgudlū: This tribe living in the Karaman area.
Ajirlū: Ajirlū is also believed to have been part of Shāmlū-related.
Pāzūkī: This tribe held Sharafnāma according to the areas around Kiği ( Bingöl), Van, Adilcevaz ( Bitlis) and Eleşkird (Ağrı). According to John E. Woods’ short-lived this tribe in the area around the current Adıyaman and Malatya.
Bahārlū: This federation was part of Qarā-Qoyunlū-Confederation and lived in Iran.
Jākirlū: This clan lived in Mughan region in the northeast (historical) Azerbaijan.

The table shows the major and minor tribal federation (uymaq). Data is primarily drawn from Faruk Sumer. But there is also referred to other sources to identify strain names are not listed in Faruk Sümers list some of the name can be a subdivision of greather clans.

Rūmlū
Ustājlū
Takalū
Shāmlū
Zu’l-Qadar
Qājār
Afshār
Turkmān
Chepni
Bozjalū
Kinislū
Bāyburtlū
Chemishkezeklū
Arābgirlū
Qarāmānlū
Bāyāt
Bayindir
Seyyīd Mansūr
Varsāq
Turgudlū
Ajirlū
Javanshir
Bahārlū
Jākīrlū
Sa’dlū
Alpā’ūt
Ispirlū
Chaghatāy
Fayli
Sil-süpür
Otuz Iki
Qarā-dāghlū
Ansarlu
Qazāqlū
Yaqqa-Turkman-i Sā’in-khāni
Kulyā’ī
Girāylī
Tükäli
Qara-bayāt
Jalāyir

Oktay Özcivit

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