Qizilbash people of Afghanistan


The Qizilbash are Turkic-speaking Azerbaijani background, united in their belief in Twelver Shia Islam.

Kizilbash are Azeri Turks tribes mainly from Anatolia and Azerbaijan. The main different of Qizilbash Oghuz tribes with other Turkic people is that they are Shia Turkic people. Therefore the name Qizilbash is usually applied to them only. Some of these tribes in Afghanistan were subdivided in clans included the:

  • Bayāt
  • Shahseven
  • Ansarlu
  • Shaaghasi
  • Shāmlu
  • Afshār

Qizilbash in Afghanistan live in urban areas, such as Kabul, Herat, Logar, Kandahar or Mazar, as well as in certain villages in central Afghanistan. They are descendants of the troops left behind by Nadir Shah Afshar during his “Indian campaign” in 1738. Afghanistan’s Qizilbash held important posts in government offices in the past, and today engage in trade or are craftsmen. Since the creation of Afghanistan, they constitute an important and politically influential element of society. Estimates of their population vary from 60,000 to 200,000.

They are bilingual and they speak Persian and Azerbaijani Turkish languages.

Qizilbash of Kabul are living in Afshar e Silo, Afshar e Darlaman, Chendawol, Qala e fatullah Wazirabad, Qalacha and other places.

Takht e Nadir Shah Afshar wich is located in Wazirabad was basement of Nadir Sha Afshar during his Indian campaign.

Introduction of some Qizilbash clan in Kabul:

Bayat clan

Bayat is the name of an originally Turkic clan in Iran which traces its origin to the 12th century. The first location of the Bayat clan was the city of Nishapur in the south of Khorasan, a state in the north-east of Iran. The Bayat clan moved in 16th century to three different locations after attacks by Mongol forces.

The Bayat clan made war with the Mongols, killing Genghis Khan’s son-in-law with his army. Then Khan attacked Nishapur with all his forces, killing many Bayat clansmen, and the rest of the Bayat clan escaped to the mountains around Nishapur.

From there, one group went east and north-east, so that the surname Bayat is still found in Afghanistan. A second group went south-west towards Isfahan, and the surname Bayat is prominent in Arak, Hamedan, Malayer, Isfahan and Shiraz. The third group went north-west, and in Azerbaijan they divided in two; one part of the group took the north way as far as Turkey, and second part went west into Iraq, Syria and Lebanon.

Bayat was the name of one the 24 Oghuz Turkish clans purported to descend from Oghuz Khaqan according to Oghuzname and the oral legends prior to that book’s writing in early 14th century. In Afghanistan, the clan is known to have who originally immigrated into the country with Nader Shah Afshar. Bayat is a common surname today in Afghanistan, Iran, Azerbaijan and to a lesser extent in Turkey and Turkmenistan where it carries the meaning “Knight” or “Chevalier”.

Ansarlu clan

Ansarlu are Azerbaijani Turkish tribe and a part of Qizilbash people in Afghanistan. It is a branch of Bayat clan. The name of one Oghuz Turkish clans purported to descend from Oghuz Khaqan. In Afghanistan the clan is known to have who originally immigrated into the country with Nader Shah Afshar.

Afshar clan

Afshars are a branch of the Turkic Oghuz groups. These originally nomadic Oghuz tribes moved from Central Asia through Iran and finally most of them settled inAnatolia.

The Afshar tribes of Iran are two distinct Turkic-speaking ethnic groups. The larger group is concentrated in the north of the country, and the smaller in the south. The Turkic dialect spoken by the Afshar of the north is closely related to the Azeri language, while the dialect spoken by the southern Afshar is more closely related to the Qashqai language. Many Afshari are living in Iran, Turkey and Afghanistan.

Anatolian afshars Avshar Turkomans shared the same history with other Oghuz tribes until entering the Anatolia. Until the 10th century, they are believed to have lived along the banks of the Syr Darya (Seyhun) river and on the northern steppes of the river. Beginning from the 9th century, they started migrating towards west. Avshars are believed to have entered Anatolia after the Battle of Manzikert in 1071. They settled in various places in Anatolia. During the Mongol invasion in the following period, some Avshar tribes migrated to Syria and later formed what was called Halep Turkomans, which eventually migrated back to Anatolia and settled there.

Shamlu clan

The Shamlu Tribe is one of the 7 original and the most powerful Qizilbash Tribe of Turkoman origin in Iran.

In Afghanistan they are mainly living in Kabul and Herat.

Shahsevan and Shah Aghasi clan

They are a branch of the Turkic Oghuz groups located primarily in Iran and on the territory of the present-day Republic of Azerbaijan and Afghanistan In Iran, they are mainly living in Qom, Tehran, Qazvin and Zanjan. In Afghanistan they are mainly living in Kabul. The name shahsevan means adherents of the king.

Qizilbash soldier

Qizilbash soldier

Qizilbash: Picture of Janissaries wearing Ak Bork

Qizilbash: Picture of Janissaries wearing Ak Bork

24 Responses

  1. Are the ethnic hazara in Afghanistan belongs to the turkic race? Can anyone clarify me on that and provide me some textual information, in english is preferable.

  2. Hazara ethnic are not a part of turkic people but they are a part of mongolian people

  3. 🙂 Turkic or Mongol are same… Mongol part of Turkic group… Al of them are Turan… Hazara realy Turkic group, but they lost them languages… Hazaras before the accept islam they were speaking turkic language… But they lost them language inside Iran Fars shovenism… Many Uzbek and Turkmen also speaking Dari in Afganistan… becouse of Fars shovenism…
    Long Live Hazaristan and South Turkistan… Turkic Peoples of Afganistan…

  4. درسالهای اخیر ادعاهای کذبی از طرف برخی ناسیونالیستهای افراطی, نژادپرستان و محققان مغرض شنیده میشود مبنی بر اینکه ترکهای آذربایجان و تورکیه و عراق و بطور کلی خاورمیانه در قرون اخیر وارد منطقه شده اند وحتی ادعاهایی وجود دارد مبنی براینکه ترکهای آذربایجان پیش از ورود مغولها به ایران به زبان آذری باستان که لهجه ای از فارسی بوده تکلم میکردند وپس از حمله مغولها زبان مغولها بالاجبار به مردم تحمیل شده است. اولین بار این نظریه توسط احمد کسروی در کتاب آذری باستان مطرح شده است.نکته جالب توجه این است که بر اساس این ادعا ها مغولها زبان ترکی را به مردم تحمیل کرده اند نه زبان مغولی را زیرا با توجه به جدول زبانها میبینیم که زبان مغولی شاخه ای جدا از شاخه ترکی زبانهای آلتاییک است و نمیتوان ادعا کرد که زبان مغولی زبانی ترکی است

  5. Azeri ha qabl az ameden Moghul dar dar manteqeyi Iran imrozi zindegi mikardand… Anha Turk bodand… Turk ha ve Mghul ba zaban khod inkishaf nadadand, qabilahayi Muhim Turk ve Moghul ha zaban farsi ra ba tavri resmi qabul kardand, yani dar iran Turk ha asimilasyon shudnad, nakhayir farsa zaban Turki ra qabul karda bashad… Hazar sal meshavad dar iran Turk ha hukum ravayi mikonad, agar farsa zaban Turki ra qabul mikardand imroz ba man zaman Farsi kodam zaban vujud namidasht….
    Iran, Iraq ve Suriye imroz khak Turk hayi SUMERi ha ast….
    Alifbayi mekhi farsha az Alifbayi Sumeriha gerefta shoda ast….

  6. hazara is not turk

  7. hazaras are not turk

  8. hazaras are not turk and they are mongol , they are enemy of turks

  9. Hazaras are not Turk but Qizilbash is Turk, you made a mistake sanjar because you think Hazaras and Qizilbash are the same, but these two ethnic groups are compeletly different but they are just common in shiism.

  10. Hazaras and Qizilbash are Turks. I am a Qizilbash from East Anatolia and I am a Turk. Hazaras are very close to Uzbeks in Afghanistan.

  11. Hazaras are Mongols and they have nothing in common with turks. Hazaras are shia and tursk are sunni

  12. what about the Qizilbash who r living in indopak?

  13. are hazara and qisilbash same nation?

  14. hazara’s are persianised turks, most qizilbash don’t even speak or retain their turkic language or culture, they’re persianised anatolians.

  15. Turkey have many kizilbas . you can find kizilbas turks all over the country but thier is som places that they live pridominantly such as Burdur, Tokat, Sivas, Çorum, İzmir, Ankara, Bolu and other places.

  16. Beydili Türkmeniyim, Şamluyum, Şahsevenim.

  17. Hi friends! I’m from Azerbaijan, if any Afghanistan, Pakistan or Indian Qizilbash read my this comment (any time), PLEASE, write me : bunturk@box.az

    Ya$asin Azerbaycan !!!

  18. hi every body it is good to hear from all of you brothers of course all the muslim are brother with each other but every body wants to meet his original relative so it is good time to intorduce my self my name is Mohammad Naeem Arbab clan Qizilbash from Kabul Afghansitan so for further information you can contact me throuhg my E-amil naeem.arbabkhel@gmail.com

  19. hi guys i am a qizilbash from chindawul kabul afghanistan and i am so proud that i am qizilbash and i really want to make from friends with my qizilbash brothers out side Afghanistan also from azerbaijan where our root came from, this is my email
    nvd_rh100@hotmail.com.

  20. hi Naweed jan it is good to find out in this site man now where are hope everything is going well with you

  21. thanks naeem jan, i ive in islamabad pakistan what about you?

  22. […] […]

  23. Tanha Ye sanad neshan bedid ke ghabl az islam dar iran turkha zendegi mikardan? sadece bir yazi veya bir evraq gusteriniz ki islam dan onje azeri ler turkce yazib veya konosholar

  24. Merhaba arkadashlar, ben Azerbaycandanim ve turkum. Hem azeri hem Anadolu turku. I am Turk from Azerbaijan. I didn’t know that qizilbash people of Afghanistan have roots from Azerbaijan but I thought about it as the word qizilbash sounds so azeri and because we know from history about followers of Heydar Shas and Shah Ismail called qizilbashes. The huge district of Baku, capital of Azerbaijan, is named after shah Ismail – Khati district. And i know about massacre of qizilbashes at Chaldiran field.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: